Abbreviations and acronyms
A - B
ABWR - Advanced Boiling Water Reactor
AECL – Atomic Energy of Canada Limited
AGR – Advanced Gas-Cooled Reactor – the reactor type used in the UK’s second generation nuclear power plants
AMAC – Association of Nuclear Municipalities (Spain)
ANCLI – Association Nationale des Commissions Locales d’Information des activités nucléaires (France)
ANDRA – Agence nationale pour la gestion des déchets radioactifs (National Agency for Radioactive Waste Management) (France)
ANS – American Nuclear Society
ARAO - Agency for Radioactive Waste (Slovenia)
AWE - Atomic Weapons Establishment
BE - British Energy plc
BAT – Best Available Technique.
BEIS – Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy – the Government department which, with the devolved administrations, is responsible for new nuclear and decommissioning and radioactive waste management in the UK
BNFL – British Nucler Fuels plcs
BNG – British Nuclear Group
BPEO – Best Practical Environmental Option
BPM – Best Practical Means
C - D
CARL – Citizen-stakeholders, Agencies for radioactive waste management, Researchers, Licensing and regulating authorities – a social sciences research project into the effect of stakeholder invovlement in decision-making. The name comes from the four types of partner in the project.
CEPN – Centre d’études sur l’Evaluation de la Protection dans le domaine Nucléaire (France)
CERN - European Organisation for Nuclear Research
CERRIE - Committee Examining the Risks of Radiation from Internal Emitters
CLAB – The Swedish near surface interim store for spent nuclear fuel
Compas - “Comparison of alternative waste management strategies for long-lived radioactive wastes” – a project undertaken within the 5th Framework Programme of the European Commission by individuals representing waste management organisations in 15 countries.
CORE - Cumbrians Opposed to a Radioactive Environment
CoRWM - Committee on Radioactive Waste Management – an independent body set up by Government to recommend a strategy for the long-term management of higher activity radioactive wastes in the UK.
CoSLA - Convention of Scottish Local Authorities
COVRA - Central Organisation for Radioactive Waste (The Netherlands)
COWAM - Community Waste Management
DECC - Department of Energy and Climate Change – the Government department which, with the devolved administrations, is responsible for new nuclear and decommissioning and radioactive waste management in the UK. The department was merged with the Department of Business, Industry and Skills to become the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy.
DEFRA - Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs – the Government department which, with the Scottish Executive, Welsh Assembly and Northern Ireland sets UK waste management policy.
DtC – Duty to Co-operate.
E - F
EA - Environment Agency.
EC - European Commission
EDF - Electricité de France
EFDA - European Fusion Development Agreement
EIA - Environmental Impact Assessment
EIS - Environmental Impact Statement
ENRESA - Empresa Nacional de Residuos Radioactivos SA (Spain) (National Radioactive Waste Management company)
ENS - European Nuclear Society
ESC - Environmental Safety Case
EU - European Union
FOI - Freedom of Information
G - H
GDA - Generic Design Assessment
GDF - Geological Disposal Facility
GMF - Group of European Municipalities with Nuclear Facilities
HAL - High Active Liquor
HAW - High Activity Waste
HSE - Health and Safety Executive
I - J
IAEA - International Atomic Energy Agency
IRSN - Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety (France)
ISOLUS - Interim Storage of Laid Up Submarines. Succeeded by the Submarine Dismantling Project (SDP).
IWS - Integrated Waste Strategy
K - L
KASAM - Swedish National Council for Nuclear Waste
London Dumping Convention - International treaty of 1972 that limits the wastes that can be disposed of at sea
LALLW - Low Activity Low Level Waste
LCBL - Life Cycle Baseline
LILW - Low & Intermediate Level Waste
LLW - Low Level Waste
LLWR - Local Level Waste Repository
LWR - Light Water Reactor
M - N
Magnox - Gas cooled fission reactor using un-enriched uranium as fuel, with magnesium alloy as cladding, the reactor type used in the UK’s first generation nuclear power plants. Also company name.
MDU - Magnox Depleted Uranium
MOD - Ministry of Defence
MODP - Magnox Optimised Decommissioning Programme
MoU - Memorandum(a) of Understanding
MOX - Mixed Oxide (nuclear fuel) composed of a blend of uranium and plutonium oxides
MRWS - Managing Radioactive Waste Safely
NAGRA - National Cooperative for the Disposal of Radioactive Waste (Switzerland)
NDA - Nuclear Decommissioning Authority – which has responsibility for the UK’s public sector civil nuclear liabilities and their subsequent management. It became operational in April 2005. It has statutory responsibility, under the Energy Act 2004, for the disposal and the safe and secure interim storage of its waste; it will also be responsible for the programme to develop and deliver geological disposal, as recommended by CoRWM, and for the programme of safe and secure storage until geological disposal is delivered.
NEA/OECD – The Nuclear Energy Agency of the Organisation of Economic Cooperation and Development
NFLA - Nuclear Free Local Authorities
NGO - Non-governmental organisation
NII - Nuclear Installations Inspectorate
NILGA - Northern Ireland Local Government Association
Nirex - A Government-owned company (owned jointly by Defra and the DTI) responsible for supporting Government policy to develop and advise on safe, environmentally sound and publicly acceptable options for the long-term management of radioactive materials in the UK. Predecessor to NDA.
NLF - Nuclear Liabilities Fund
NLFA - Nuclear Liabilities Funding Agreement
NNA - National Nuclear Archive
NNL - National Nuclear Laboratory
NNLAG – New Nuclear Local Authorities Group
NNIRF - National NDA Industry and Regulators Forum
NORM - Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials
NPP - Nuclear Power Plant
NRW – Natural Resource Wales.
NSG - National Stakeholder Group, NDA
NuLeAF - Nuclear Legacy Advisory Forum
NUMO - Nuclear Waste Management Organisation (Japan)
NWMO - Nuclear Waste Management Organisation (Canada)
O - P
OCNS - Office of Civil Nuclear Security
OCRWM - Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (USA)
ONDRAF/NIRAS – Organisme National des Déchets Radioactifs et des Matières Fissiles – Belgian Agency for Management of Radioactive Waste and Enriched Fissile Material
ONR - Office for Nuclear Regulation.
OSPAR – OSPAR Convention: The Convention for the Protection of Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic
PBO - Parent Body Organisation. A commercial organisation contracted by the NDA to take ownership of Site License Companies at NDA sites, and provide senior management.
PCM - Plutonium Contaminated Materials
PCSC - Post-Closure Safety Case
PFR - Prototype Fast Reactor
PNTL - Pacific Nuclear Transport Ltd
POCO - Post Operational Clean Out
PSA - Public Service Agreement
PSE - Public and stakeholder engagement
PWG - Prioritisation Working Group
PWR – Pressurised water reactor – type of reactor used in the UK’s third generation nuclear power plants, the only example being Sizewell B
Q - R
QA - Quality assurance
R&D – Research and development
RCF - Rock characterisation facility
RDW - Reactor decommissioning waste
RHILW - Remote Handled Intermediate Level Waste
RSA93 – Radioactive Substances Act 1993
RWI – Radioactive waste inventory
RWMAC – Radioactive Waste Management Advisory Committee
S - T
SCCORS - Scottish Councils on Control of Radioactive Substance.
SCK.CEN – Belgian Nuclear Research Centre
SDP - Submarine Dismantling Project. Successor to the ISOLUS project.
SEA - Strategic Environmental Assessment
SEPA – Scottish Environment Protection Agency
SFS – Spent Fuel Services
SGHWR – Steam Generating Heavy Water Reactor
SKB International – Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Company (Sweden)
SLC - Site License Company
SMR – Small Modular Reactor
STUK - Radiation and Nuclear Authority (Finland)
THORP - Thermal Oxide Reprocessing Plant
U - Z
UKAEA - United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority
VALDOR - VALues in Decisions on Risk (Sweden)
VHLW - Vitrified High Level Waste
VLLW - Very Low Level Waste
VRR - Vitrified Residue Return
WANO - World Association of Nuclear Operators
WIPP - Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, a US Department of Energy waste facility which began disposal operations in March 1999. Located in the Chihuahuan Desert, outside Carlsbad, New Mexico.
WTP - Waste Treatment Plant