Abbreviations and acronyms

A - B

ABWR - Advanced Boiling Water Reactor

AECL – Atomic Energy of Canada Limited

AGR – Advanced Gas-Cooled Reactor – the reactor type used in the UK’s second generation nuclear power plants

AMAC – Association of Nuclear Municipalities (Spain)

ANCLI – Association Nationale des Commissions Locales d’Information des activités nucléaires (France)

ANDRA – Agence nationale pour la gestion des déchets radioactifs (National Agency for Radioactive Waste Management) (France)

ANS – American Nuclear Society

ARAO - Agency for Radioactive Waste (Slovenia)

AWE - Atomic Weapons Establishment

BE - British Energy plc

BAT – Best Available Technique.

BEIS – Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy  – the Government department which, with the devolved administrations, is responsible for new nuclear and decommissioning and radioactive waste management in the UK

BNFL – British Nucler Fuels plcs

BNG – British Nuclear Group

BPEO – Best Practical Environmental Option

BPM – Best Practical Means

C - D

CARL – Citizen-stakeholders, Agencies for radioactive waste management, Researchers, Licensing and regulating authorities – a social sciences research project into the effect of stakeholder invovlement in decision-making. The name comes from the four types of partner in the project.

CEPN – Centre d’études sur l’Evaluation de la Protection dans le domaine Nucléaire (France)

CERN - European Organisation for Nuclear Research

CERRIE - Committee Examining the Risks of Radiation from Internal Emitters

CLAB – The Swedish near surface interim store for spent nuclear fuel

Compas - “Comparison of alternative waste management strategies for long-lived radioactive wastes” – a project undertaken within the 5th Framework Programme of the European Commission by individuals representing waste management organisations in 15 countries.

CORE - Cumbrians Opposed to a Radioactive Environment

CoRWM - Committee on Radioactive Waste Management – an independent body set up by Government to recommend a strategy for the long-term management of higher activity radioactive wastes in the UK.

CoSLA - Convention of Scottish Local Authorities

COVRA - Central Organisation for Radioactive Waste (The Netherlands)

COWAM - Community Waste Management

DECC - Department of Energy and Climate Change – the Government department which, with the devolved administrations, is responsible for new nuclear and decommissioning and radioactive waste management in the UK. The department was merged with the Department of Business, Industry and Skills to become the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy.

DEFRA - Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs – the Government department which, with the Scottish Executive, Welsh Assembly and Northern Ireland sets UK waste management policy.

DtC – Duty to Co-operate.

E - F

EA - Environment Agency.

EC - European Commission

EDF - Electricité de France

EFDA - European Fusion Development Agreement

EIA - Environmental Impact Assessment

EIS - Environmental Impact Statement

ENRESA - Empresa Nacional de Residuos Radioactivos SA (Spain) (National Radioactive Waste Management company)

ENS - European Nuclear Society

ESC - Environmental Safety Case

EU - European Union

FOI - Freedom of Information

G - H

GDA - Generic Design Assessment

GDF - Geological Disposal Facility

GMF - Group of European Municipalities with Nuclear Facilities

HAL - High Active Liquor

HAW - High Activity Waste

HSE - Health and Safety Executive

I - J

IAEA - International Atomic Energy Agency

IRSN - Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety (France)

ISOLUS - Interim Storage of Laid Up Submarines.  Succeeded by the Submarine Dismantling Project (SDP).

IWS - Integrated Waste Strategy

K - L

KASAM - Swedish National Council for Nuclear Waste

London Dumping Convention - International treaty of 1972 that limits the wastes that can be  disposed of at sea

LALLW - Low Activity Low Level Waste

LCBL - Life Cycle Baseline

LILW - Low & Intermediate Level Waste

LLW - Low Level Waste

LLWR - Local Level Waste Repository

LWR - Light Water Reactor

M - N

Magnox - Gas cooled fission reactor using un-enriched uranium as fuel, with magnesium alloy as cladding, the reactor type used in the UK’s first generation nuclear power plants.  Also company name.

MDU - Magnox Depleted Uranium

MOD - Ministry of Defence

MODP - Magnox Optimised Decommissioning Programme

MoU - Memorandum(a) of Understanding

MOX - Mixed Oxide (nuclear fuel) composed of a blend of uranium and plutonium oxides

MRWS - Managing Radioactive Waste Safely

NAGRA - National Cooperative for the Disposal of Radioactive Waste (Switzerland)

NDA - Nuclear Decommissioning Authority – which has responsibility for the UK’s public sector civil nuclear liabilities and their subsequent management.  It became operational in April 2005. It has statutory  responsibility, under the Energy Act 2004, for the disposal and the safe and secure interim storage of its waste; it will also be responsible for the programme to develop and deliver geological disposal, as recommended by CoRWM, and for the programme of safe and secure storage until geological disposal is delivered.

NEA/OECD – The Nuclear Energy Agency of the Organisation of Economic Cooperation and Development

NFLA - Nuclear Free Local Authorities

NGO - Non-governmental organisation

NII - Nuclear Installations Inspectorate

NILGA - Northern Ireland Local Government Association

Nirex - A Government-owned company (owned jointly by Defra and the DTI) responsible for supporting Government policy to develop and advise on safe, environmentally sound and publicly acceptable options for the long-term management of radioactive materials in the UK.  Predecessor to NDA.

NLF - Nuclear Liabilities Fund

NLFA - Nuclear Liabilities Funding Agreement

NNA - National Nuclear Archive

NNL - National Nuclear Laboratory

NNLAG – New Nuclear Local Authorities Group

NNIRF - National NDA Industry and Regulators Forum

NORM - Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials

NPP - Nuclear Power Plant

NRW – Natural Resource Wales.

NSG - National Stakeholder Group, NDA

NuLeAF - Nuclear Legacy Advisory Forum

NUMO - Nuclear Waste Management Organisation (Japan)

NWMO - Nuclear Waste Management Organisation (Canada)

O - P

OCNS - Office of Civil Nuclear Security

OCRWM - Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (USA)

ONDRAF/NIRAS – Organisme National des Déchets Radioactifs et des Matières Fissiles – Belgian Agency for Management of Radioactive Waste and Enriched Fissile Material

ONR - Office for Nuclear Regulation.

OSPAR – OSPAR Convention: The Convention for the Protection of Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic

PBO - Parent Body Organisation.  A commercial organisation contracted by the NDA to take ownership of Site License Companies at NDA sites, and provide senior management.

PCM - Plutonium Contaminated Materials

PCSC - Post-Closure Safety Case

PFR - Prototype Fast Reactor

PNTL - Pacific Nuclear Transport Ltd

POCO - Post Operational Clean Out

PSA - Public Service Agreement

PSE - Public and stakeholder engagement

PWG - Prioritisation Working Group

PWR – Pressurised water reactor – type of reactor used in the UK’s third generation nuclear power plants, the only example being Sizewell B

Q - R

QA - Quality assurance

R&D – Research and development

RCF - Rock characterisation facility

RDW - Reactor decommissioning waste

RHILW - Remote Handled Intermediate Level Waste

RSA93 – Radioactive Substances Act 1993

RWI – Radioactive waste inventory

RWMAC – Radioactive Waste Management Advisory Committee

S - T

SCCORS - Scottish Councils on Control of Radioactive Substance.

SCK.CEN – Belgian Nuclear Research Centre

SDP - Submarine Dismantling Project.  Successor to the ISOLUS project.

SEA - Strategic Environmental Assessment

SEPA – Scottish Environment Protection Agency

SFS – Spent Fuel Services

SGHWR – Steam Generating Heavy Water Reactor

SKB International – Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Company (Sweden)

SLC - Site License Company

SMR – Small Modular Reactor

STUK - Radiation and Nuclear Authority (Finland)

THORP - Thermal Oxide Reprocessing Plant

U - Z

UKAEA - United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority

VALDOR - VALues in Decisions on Risk (Sweden)

VHLW - Vitrified High Level Waste

VLLW - Very Low Level Waste

VRR - Vitrified Residue Return

WANO - World Association of Nuclear Operators

WIPP - Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, a US Department of Energy waste facility which began disposal operations in March 1999.  Located in the Chihuahuan Desert, outside Carlsbad, New Mexico.

WTP - Waste Treatment Plant

 

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